The Wonderful World Of Animal's And Plant's Habitat

by

LaWanda Y. Miles

This website is hosted by the Illinois Institute of Technology


SCIENCE


GRADE-4


STATE GOAL 12: Understand the fundamental concepts, principles and interconnections of the life, physical and earth/space sciences.




B. Know and apply concepts that describe how living things interact with each other and with their environment..



LEARNING STANDARDS

12.B.1a Describe and compare characteristics of living things in relationship to their environments.

12.B.1b Describe how living things depend on one another for survival.

12.B.2a Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments (e.g., predator/prey, parasite/host, food chains and food webs).

12.B.2b Identify physical features of plants and animals that help them live in different environments (e.g., specialized teeth for eating certain foods, thorns for protection, insulation for cold temperature).



Objectives:



1. Students will explore web based activities using pre-selected sites from the Microsoft document.

2. Students will locate factual information and record it on fact sheet.

3. Students will use cut and paste editing techniques for the newsletter.

4. Students will complete a newsletter using typing skills.

5. Students will use habitat information to create unique animals using art materials.








Definitions of Habitat

http://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Habitat

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/geographyaction/habitats/basics.html

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/habitat



  1. The place where a plant or animal species naturally lives and grows; or characteristics of the soil, water, and biologic community

  2. The environment in which a population or individual lives; includes not only the place where a species is found, but also the particular characteristics of the place (e.g., climate or the availability of suitable food and shelter) that make it especially well suited to meet the life cycle needs of that species.

  3. The place where a population (human, animal, plant, or microorganism) lives and its surroundings, both living and non-living.

  4. The specific area or environment in which a particular plant or animal lives. An organism's habitat provides all of the basic requirements for the maintenance of life.

  5. The specific environment in which an organism lives and on which it depends for food and shelter.



    The Earth has many different environments, varying in temperature, moisture, light, and many other factors. Each of these habitats has distinct life forms living in it, forming complex communities of interdependent organisms. A complex community of plants and animals in a region and a climate is called a biomes.




Animal Habitats



Animals live everywhere on earth--in every kind of terrain and every kind of climate. An animal's living place is called its habitat. Most animals are only adapted to live in one or two habitats. Some animals migrate in the spring and again in the fall to find warmer habitats with an abundance of food.



Activity



Plants Habitat




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Plants are perhaps the most important part of a habitat because they provide an environment for the family as well as for songbirds and other wildlife. Plants add beauty. Trees and shrubs help reduce heating and cooling by providing summer shade and protection from winter winds. A hedge can add privacy, and plants of various shapes or sizes can be used to screen an unpleasant view.


For wildlife, plants provide shelter, nesting sites, and a variety of foods such as fruits that may otherwise be unavailable. Proper selection of plants can fill family needs for beauty and comfort and at the same time provide a haven for wildlife.

Plant succession is an ecological process in which one plant community replaces another over time. The early stages of plant succession are composed of species capable of colonizing bare ground. These plant species flourish initially, but soon decline as the bare ground diminishes from plant occupation. Other plants better suited to the changed conditions take over, and the “early succession” plants gradually disappear from the site. Early succession plants are generally herbaceous annuals and perennials that quickly occupy bare ground by germination of wind-borne seed and seed that lie dormant in the soil (sometimes for years).



What are native plants?

Native species are those that occur in the region in which they evolved. Plants evolve over geologic time in response to physical and biotic processes characteristic of a region: the climate, soils, timing of rainfall, drought, and frost; and interactions with the other species inhabiting the local community. Thus native plants possess certain traits that make them uniquely adapted to local conditions, providing a practical and ecologically valuable alternative for landscaping, conservation and restoration projects, and as livestock forage. In addition, native plants can match the finest cultivated plants in beauty, while often surpassing non-natives in ruggedness and resistance to drought, insects and disease.



http://www.uaf.edu/olcg/teaching/Plants%20and%20Animals/Plant_Unit.html






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EXPLORING HABITATS AND FOOD CHAINS


Websites:

http://www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/Homework/habitats.html

http://www.vtaide.com/png/foodchains.htm

http://www.teachingandlearningresources.co.uk/foodchains01.shtml



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