Aspects of Individual Human Blood Pressure
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Ora Newman Fulton Elementary School
5300 S. Fulton
Chicago IL 60609
1. Demonstrate the relationship between hypertension and the risk factors.
2. Demonstrate how pressure builds up in clogged arteries.
3. Measure both systolic and diastolic pressure by a sphygmomanometer.
blood pressure cuff kit (sphygmomanometer/SFIG-moe-muh-NOM-e-ter)
plastic tubes with differing diameters
gameboard, bingo style, with risk factors in grids. Boards do NOT need to
match each other. (fatty diet, lifestyles and environment, stress, inherited
tendency, alcohol intake, overactive adrenal gland, street drugs, caffeine,
obesity, kidney disease, diabetes, lack of exercise, smoking, excessive salt
intake, cholesterol, other medications, sex, age, race)
Activity 1: Make gameboards with identifying words associated with
hypertension (high blood pressure). Teacher calls out words from cards, first
blackout "wins" a small prize. Repeat 2 or 3 times for reinforcement.
Activity 2: Using different diameter tubes, have the students compare and
contrast the change of flow with a smaller tube vs. a larger one. Await them to
make the association to the blood vessels. Would more pressure make the flow as
fast as the larger tube? Why?
Activity 3: Using the blood pressure kit, demonstrate how to take systolic
(upper) pressure-the first number at which you hear a beat after "pumping" above
200. Allow for individual sensitivities. 180 may be high enough for most.
Listen to the beats, but notice the number at which you hear the LAST beat
(diastolic). Systolic number is the upper number, diastolic, the "down" number.
Average, or normal pressure is 120/80. Chart the class by teams, allowing for
individual preference of volunteering information.
Extension activities: Is there a difference in blood pressure if seated?
Lying down? After activity? Why? Students can research influencing factors as
reports. Comparing diets before and after the blood pressure studies may be of
Students will demonstrate ability to take blood pressure by measuring the
two levels of pressure, systolic and diastolic.
Students will become more aware of the external and internal influencing
factors on blood pressure.