`An Introduction to Estimation and MeasurementsChristeen Brown                Robert Fulton Elementary                               5300 S. Hermitage St                               Chicago IL 60609                               (312) 535-9000Objectives:This lesson is designed for grade levels 3-5Upon completion of the lesson, the students should be able to:L Convert ounces to poundsL Measure liquidsL Describe measurements in sizesL Measure volumesL Understand the importance of knowing and using the measurementsL Observe shapes and sizes in measurementsL Discover and apply rules for measuring liquidsMaterials:L Several containers of various sizes and shapes (vases, bottles, bowls or cups)L Measuring utensils (teaspoon, tablespoon, measuring cups)L Pancake mixL SpatulaL Hot plateL FunnelL Liquid (water)L Syrup (optional)Recommended Strategy:L Estimate the arrangement of containers in order from least to greatest.L Use the 1 cup measurement tool to fill each container.  Count the amount of   full 1 cup measurements each container will hold without any of the liquid   spilling over.L Record the amount of cups each container will hold.L Discuss whether the original arrangement was accurate.L Introduce the known measurements.L Order the containers from smallest to largest (If original estimate was out of   order).L Compare estimated answer to actual answers.L Demonstrate the use of measurements by reading directions on a pancake box.L Compare a pancake made of mix and water being measured accurately versus one   with mix and water just estimated. Performance Assessment:Demonstrate your use of measurements by cooking the mixture.  Observe the surface of the pancakes and taste the pancakes.  Discuss any differences discovered between the two types of mixes.  Record the consistency of both mixes.  Discuss any changes in the two pancakes after they are cooked.  Enjoy the project! This project is best used first thing in the morning.`