`Animal Behavior: "Groggy Goldfish"              Pearlie M. Hayes               Henry Clay Elementary                                13231 S. Burley                               Chicago IL 60633                               312-535-5600Objective:To observe the behavior of goldfish in water of varying temperatures.           Materials:Goldfish (4)                       Thermometers (4)Fish Tank                          Ice (large bag)Plastic Containers (4)             Timer or Wall ClockStrategy:1. Begin the lesson with a review of the definition of hibernation and cold and warm-blooded animals.2. In groups of 4's, give each group one goldfish in a plastic container with room temperature water from fish tank, one thermometer, crushed ice and a chart.3. Give each person in the group a job.  (a timer, a counter, a reader, or arecorder)4. Begin the investigation by taking the temperature reading and water operculum count of the control goldfish (20 seconds).  Put findings on blackboard. 5. In group, take reading of the water temperature and a 20 second operculum count.  Record on chart.  (Remember to multiply by 3 to equal a minute). 6. Add a small amount of ice, wait 3 minutes, and take temperature of water anda 20 second operculum count.  Observe and record.7. Add another small amount of ice (use the same amount as used in step 6 above), wait 3 minutes and record the temperature.  Take a 20 second operculum count and record on chart.  Observe. 8. Continue adding ice in small amounts, recording temperature every 3 minutesuntil operculum is 0.  Observe.9. When operculum count hits zero, place goldfish in a warmer place and observe reaction.  Remove any remaining ice and add some room temperature water. Observe.Performance Assessment:Students should be able to take accurate readings of the temperature of water.  After a discussion of hibernation, students will predict what will happen to the operculum counts when the temperature of water is lowered.  Throughout the investigation students will communicate, observe, measure, interpret, and record data correctly.  Students will also write a brief description of what was observed during the investigation. Multicultural Aspect:  Many kinds of fish live all over the world.  They live in all climates on land and at all levels of the ocean.  These fish develop bodies and ways of life that suit their particular region.  People of all cultures use, observe, and enjoy many kinds of fish.`