Food For Energy - Four Food Groups
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Anna M. Rembert Faraday Elementary School
3250 W. Monroe Street
Chicago IL 60624
This lesson is designed for students in grades two through four.
1. Teach the students the importance of eating properly with a balanced diet.
2. Identify foods that belong in the Milk Group and the Meat Group.
a. State and/or understand that most food in the Milk Group and the
Meat Group come from animals.
b. State and/or understand that foods from the Milk Group and the Meat
Group give them energy.
3. Students will be able to state and understand that foods in the Fruit-
Vegetable Group and Grain Group come from plants.
a. Identify foods that belong in the Fruit-Vegetable Group and Grain Group.
b. State and understand that grain is made into flour and flour is used
to make bread and other grain products.
c. State and understand that foods from the Fruit-Vegetable Group and
Grain Group give them energy.
4. Know where various foods come from and that animals eat plants.
Food Chart Crayons
Cut Pictures of Food Scissors
Index Cards Ice
Glue Rock Salt
Food Triangle Milk
Flannel board and velcro Sugar
Zip Lock Bags Vanilla flavoring
Popcorn and Popper Salt
Butter Plastic Gloves
Variety of foods from
each food group:
Loaves of long Italian or French bread
Pound of 3 different types of sliced meat (roast beef, turkey,
ham, salami, bologna, etc.)
Pound of 3 different cheeses (American, Swiss, Cheddar, etc.)
1. Have the students jump, blink their eyes, clap their hands.
2. Ask each student how the body is able to do these things.
3. Introduce the concept that food produces energy, and that is how we are able
to do activities such as running, etc.
4. Introduce the Milk and Meat groups.
5. Show food cards from each group and ask where these items come from?
6. The students will say that most of the Milk and Meat groups come from
7. Have the students wash their hands.
8. Explain why it's important to wash our hands when we are handling food.
9. Make ice cream which is a food for energy.
10. Give each student a small Zip Lock Bag, and plastic gloves for their hands.
11. Add 4 ozs. of milk, three teaspoons of sugar, and 1/4 teaspoon of vanilla
flavoring, then zip the bag.
12. Take a gallon size Zip Lock Bag add 2 cups of ice and 1/4 cup of rock salt,
place the small zip lock bag into the larger Zip Lock Bag with the ice.
13. Shake the bags; make sure the inside bag stays closed and sitting upward.
14. Shake the bags until you have ice cream. Then remove the small bag and eat
the ice cream.
15. While eating the ice cream, review and discuss how we get proteins, and
other nutrients from milk and meat, also why they are energy foods. Talk
about the exception to this group (legumes).
16. Next, we'll introduce the Fruit/Vegetable group and the Grain group of food.
17. Show food cards from each group and ask where these items come from.
18. The students will say that most of the Fruit/Vegetable group and the Grain
group come from plants.
19. Discuss each group and the nutrients received from each group.
20. Have the students wash their hands.
21. Now we are going to make popcorn.
22. Measure 1/4 cup of popcorn and place in the corn popper.
23. Place butter in the top while popping the corn.
24. Add salt and pass the popcorn around to each student.
25. Discuss the value of the Fruit/Vegetable group and the Grain group.
26. Show how these groups are used for energy.
27. Next, we'll introduce the combination groups.
28. Discuss the foods that belong in the combination groups such as pizza, and
29. Have the students wash their hands.
30. Each student will make a sandwich using a variety of meat, cheese and
31. While eating, review and discuss the four food groups and the combination
group and how they are used for energy.
At the conclusion of the Mini-teach, students will be able to answer the
following question regarding these topics.
1. Why we need energy in our body: for breathing and various exercises?
2. Energy is measured in units called calories.
3. Food contains various nutrients such as protein, carbohydrate, and fats.
4. Students can identify foods that belong in the Milk and Meat groups.
5. Understand that food from these groups comes from animals.
6. State that energy comes from these two groups. (Milk and Meat)
7. Students can identify foods that belong in the Fruit/Vegetable and Grain
8. Understand that food from these groups comes from plants.
9. Students will be able to classify foods into the Four Food Groups.
10. State that energy comes from these two groups. (Fruit/Vegetable and Grain)
11. State and understand food preparation safety rules.
12. Help prepare a Combination Food.
13. Know the importance of a balanced diet.
Students will know the Four Food Groups and understand the importance of a
balanced diet. They will also know the importance of food preparation safety,
and will understand how quickly bacteria multiply.
Helen Andrews, B.S.c., M.S., Ph.D. Introductory Nutrition, (The C.V. Mobsy
Company, St. Louis, l975).
Jane Brody, Jane Brody's Nutrition,(Laidlaw, Toronto, Canada, 1981).
National Dairy Council Food - Gives Me Energy, (Dairy Nutrition Council,
Inc., Rosemont, Illinois 1988).