Insects: Grasshoppers

Wanda Williamson-Johnson Crown Community Academy
2128 South St. Louis
Chicago IL 60628
(312) 534-1680


This lesson was geared for Kindergarten:

Students will learn how to listen and follow direction; to observe living
things; to compare and contrast; to record and read information on a graph; to
work in cooperative groups; addition skills; how to identify an insect; the
characteristics of a grasshopper and the functions of the grasshopper external
body parts.

State Goals for Learning:

Students will learn the concept and basic vocabulary of biological, physical and
environmental science and their application to life and work in contemporary
technological society.

Materials Needed:

a magnifying glass per child green construction paper
a number of bugs and insects index cards
chart paper and markers clothes pins
newspaper and a roll of string masking tape
green tissue paper small paper fasteners
green pipe cleaners wiggley eyes
toilet tissue rolls styrofoam balls
straight pins black craft pom-pom balls
scissors hole puncher
glue styrofoam peanuts
combs styrofoam cups
4 rolls of tissue clay
clear plastic cups shaving cream

Song; (Tune to: "The Farmer in the Dell")
-- The insect in the jar
The insect in the jar
Has six legs and three body parts.
-- First you have the head
Then you have the thorax
Then have the abdomen which is connected to the thorax.
-- The head has two eyes
And a simple one too
It has two feelers to touch and smell their food.
-- The mouth has large lips
And sharp jaws in between A second pair of jaws
Which is use for tasting things.
-- The thorax has six legs
And two pair of wings
Rubbing them together is how this insect sings.

mandibles = sharp jaws thorax = chest
simple eye = sees light and dark spiracles = airway for breathing
molting = process of shedding skin nymphs = baby grasshopper

1. Sing the song "The Insects in the Jar," allow students the opportunity to
observe what they have in the jar. Then let them put their name on the chart
after they predict if they have an insect in the jar or not.
2. Draw a large picture of a grasshopper on the board and label its body parts.
3. Make a model grasshopper using toilet tissue roll. (Project #1)
A. Punch holes in the tissue rolls six on the bottom and one on the top.
B. Cover roll with a thin layer of glue, roll tissue paper around it
(same for styrofoam ball).
C. Take pipe cleaners, cut them in half, punch cleaners through holes,
entering on the right side and exiting on the left side.
D. Cut tissue and construction paper wings, then put a hole in each of them
in the same spot.
E. Line wing holes with the hole on the top of the tissue roll then put
paper fastener through the holes.
F. Line front end of tissue roll with glue, then push the ball on it.
G. Take black ball and put in the top center on the covered styrofoam ball,
then put a straight pin through it.
H. Put wiggley eyes on each side of the covered ball.
I. Take short pipe cleaners and stick between the wiggley eyes.
J. Take marker and draw on mouth.
K. Staple back in close.
4. Make human grasshopper using oneself. (Project #2)
A. Read a short story about grasshoppers for background information.
B. Make a construction paper head band.
C. Put two holes approximately 1 inch apart from each other.
D. Put pipe cleaners through the hole to make antennae.
E. Tape a small green oval in the center of the band.
F. Tape to your face construction paper mouth and feelers.
G. Stuff stockings with newspaper.
H. Take long string and tie at the open ends of the stocking.
I. Tie the string around your waist (this is the third pair of legs).
J. Take chart paper, and tissue paper wings, and put a hole through the top
of the wings.
K. Put paper fastener through the holes and open it up.
L. Pin wings to the back of the shirt.
5. Make a clay model grasshopper. (Project #3).
Use learned skills to make clay model grasshopper.
6. Preparation for the birth and the protection of the baby grasshopper.
(Project #4).
A. Take clear plastic cup and fill with dirt.
B. Place styrofoam peanut in the dirt, making sure to leave a side view of
the peanut.
C. Spray shaving cream on the top of the dirt which represents how the mother
protects her eggs through the winter.
7. Make human nymph (baby grasshopper). (Project #5).
Take toilet tissue and wrap your partner from head to toe to illustrate a
baby nymph.
8. The various sounds of a grasshopper (Project #6).
Rub finger nail against a comb.
Rub two brushes together.
Rub finger nails against styrofoam cup.

Performance Assessment:

Students should be able draw a picture of a grasshopper including all the
details covered in the above three activities. Students should also be able to
label each part by sounding the words out to the best of their abilities.
Students will be able to answer the following questions:

Name the body parts of a grasshopper.
Identify the thorax.
What do you see on the thorax?
What do you see on the abdomen?
Where are the wings located?
Where are the feelers?
What happens when the grasshopper jumps?
Compare the baby grasshopper to the mother grasshopper? What are the
similarities and differences?
Students will be able to recite poem learned about grasshoppers.


Students will know the life cycle, external body parts, and the function of the
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