Return to Mathematics IndexWhole Language Approach in Solving Word Problems

Barbara Thomas Langston Hughes School

226 W. 104th Street

Chicago IL 60628

312-535-5075Objectives:

To formulate addition and subtraction problems of whole numbers. To relate

everyday language to mathematics meaningfully. To use problem-solving

approaches to investigate and understand mathematical content. To identify

point of view in a selection.Materials needed:

1.The Real Story of the Three Little Pigsby Jon Scieszka

2.The Three Little Pigsby Paul Galdone

3. Math vocabulary cards for words such as the following:

altogether in all many more

each left total

4. Reading vocabulary cards for the following words:

Al blow brick cake granny house jail

Magic Michael newspaper Sean stick straw

5. Crayons

6. Pencils

7. Plus and minus cards for every child

8. Head bands for three pigs (pink) and one wolf (brown)

9. Ditto to make equations

10. Objects to represent story problems (books, balls, pencils)

Strategy:

This presentation is appropriate for use with primary children. The

teacher will review the story of theThe Three Little Pigs. After discussion,

the teacher will call four students to represent the characters of the story.

The teacher will have students answers questions from a card listing age,

favorite toy and food and how much money each character has. Using the

characters the teacher will review the story and make up story problems and

answer them.

ReadThe True Story of the 3 Little Pigs. Ask appropriate questions about

the story. Give the pretest. Give story problems orally having the students

put the correct answer only on the test. After the pretest, the teacher will go

over the story problems using role playing with the students. Explain to the

students that we must find a better way to solve story problems.

Introduce the math vocabulary words. Tell them that each word has a

correct operation. Example: "in all" means to add (+) or "many more" means to

subtract (-). Pass out the + and - cards. As you say a story problem, have

students hold up the correct card. You may also have students make up story

problems orally. Another student will give the answer.Performance Assessment:

Tell the students that you forgot to tell them that they must decide who is

telling the truth, the pig or the wolf. They must write some sentences telling

who they believe and why. Also draw a picture.

Finally the students will write story problems using the above math

vocabulary words.Multicultural:

Students should know that many people contributed to the development of

modern arithmetic and the origins of arithmetic are international.Conclusion:

The student will be able to identify key words in solving addition and

subtraction word problems.

The student will be able to identify point of view in a selection.