`Games Using MultiplicationAmaechi Onyeali                Carter Elementary                               5740 So. Michigan                               Chicago IL 60637                               (312) 535-0860Objectives:Students will play two games that will reinforce their multiplication facts as well as their addition skills.Materials Needed:1) three or four games of dominoes2) paper and pencil3) 24 paper cupsStrategy:First ask students to give a definition of the word multiplication.  After all responses have been put on the board, write down the following definition: multiplication is a short way of adding or counting equal numbers.  Place eight cups on your desk, 3 in one pile and 5 in another.  Ask one student to come up and count the number of cups.  Then ask them to explain how they counted them. Next, take one cup from the pile of 5 cups and put it in the pile with 3, making 2 equal piles of 4.  Explain that there are two ways of counting these cups; by adding, or by multiplying 4*2.  If you put up two more piles of cups with four cups in each, you could count them or simply multiply 4*4.  Explain what each number stands for.  Add two more piles of four cups and show how multiplication is quicker and shorter.  Have someone count the number of shoes in the class by counting, and have someone calculate it by multiplying. Next have students take out a piece of paper and a pen.  Have them make a square grid on their paper by drawing three vertical lines equal distances apart inside the grid.  Then draw four horizontal lines inside the grid.  Show that you can count or multiply to find out how many boxes there are.  Have students fill in each box with a number between 0-81.  This game is called math bingo.  The teacher will call out factors for which students are to determine whether they have the product.  If they do, they are to write the factors in the appropriate box.  The first person to get four across or five down is the winner.  The winner calls out the next group of factors. The next game is called dominoes.  In this game students may lay dominoes onlywith the same number next to each other.  For example, a domino displaying a 1-6 may only be played with a domino displaying a 1 or a 6.  The 6 would have to touch the 6 or the 1 would have to touch the 1.  Scoring is done by calculating the number of points on the outside.  If the number of points on the outside add up to a number that is a multiple of five, that player receives that amount of points.  Students must call out the points on the board when they play a domino, whether it is a multiple of five or not.  The first person to 150 is the winner.  Students should be put in groups of 5 or 6.  They will take 5 or 4 dominoes respectively without showing anyone.  The person with the 6-6 domino plays first.  The first person to get rid of their dominoes wins the hand.  All remaining dominoes are added up and rounded to the nearest 5 and given to the winner's total.     Performance Assessment:Students will be given a short timed quiz which will require them to use their addition and multiplication skills. `