```The Three States Of MatterSharon R. West                 Edward Hurley                               3849 West 69th Place                               Chicago IL 60629                               (312) 535-2068Objectives:

Primary Level

1. Define matter
2. Identify and compare solids, liquids, and gases
3. Identify some properties of matter

Materials:

-two laundry bags       -variety of solids (toy, tools, school supplies)
-butter                 -variety of liquids (water, pop, juice, syrup)
-sugar                  -variety of gases (big balloons, little balloons)
-milk                   -balls
-cocoa                  -salt
-vanilla                -peanut butter
-quick oats             -wax paper
-hot plate              -large plastic rectangular container
-cup                    -paper towels
-colored chalk          -spoons
-measuring cups         -measuring spoons
-clear vases            -clear containers to pour liquids in

TABLE 1
Has       Has No
Take Up    Has      Has Shape     Takes Shape of  Definite    Definite
Space   Weight     of Its Own    Its Container    Volume      Volume
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solid     solid       solid                        solid
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liquid    liquid                   liquid (takes   liquid
the shape of
that part of
the container
which it fills)
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gas       gas                      gas (takes                  gas (fills
the shape of                any con-
the container               tainer in
that holds                  which it
it)                         is put)
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Strategy:

1. Introduce the three states of matter
2. Start with a grab bag.  Let everyone take an item out of the bag of
solid objects.
3. Describe solid objects and talk about color, shape, size, weight,
space, and what is it used for.
4. Fill in Table 1 with the children as you are doing the exercise.
5. Ask the class what is left in the bag after everything is taken out.
6. AIR! pass out objects with air in them, such as balloons, and balls.
7. What is air?  It is a gas.
8. Talk about what gas does.  Use Table 1.
9. Fill a clear container with water and take a cup stuffed with a
paper towel in the bottom.  Push the cup straight down in the water.
10. Does the towel get wet?  No!  Why?
11. What is the water in the container?  Liquid.
12. Use Table 1 to discuss what a liquid does.
13. Tell the children that solids, liquids, and gases are the three
states of matter.
14. Which one of these couldn't I have an example of and why?
15. Just say, there is another form of matter that we do not talk about
much, it is a gas called plasma.
16. Make cookies.  Ask how many solids, liquids, and gases are in the
recipe.
17. Use a bar graph and chart the information.
18. After you have made the cookies evaluate and see if the children
can name all the states of matter.
19. Recipe for the cookies are as follows:

one half cup of butter
two cups of sugar
one half cup of milk
two tablespoons of cocoa
one fourth teaspoon of salt

Bring this to a full boil and remove from the heat.
add one half cup of peanut butter while it is still
hot, also add one fourth teaspoon vanilla flavor, and
three cups of Quick Oats.  Use a tablespoon and spoon