Return to Physics IndexProbability

L'Ouverture Perkins William S. Carter Elementary School

5740 S. Michigan

Chicago IL 60627

(312)535-0860Objectives:

Grade Level: Intermediate elementary (4-6)

a*The student will be able to determine the relationship between equally

likely events and their favorable results.

b*The student will be able to graph their results.

c*The student will be able to determine the degree of probability of event.

d*The student will be able to determine if an event is equally likely or not

equally likely to happen.

Materials Needed:

Probability board, toothpicks, marbles, toothpick board, cards, dice, cowrie

shells, spinners, number cube, coins, peanut butter, jelly, bread, blue and

green cubes, unequal and equal spinners.

Strategy:

1.(c*)The student will toss 3 coins 60 times to determine the possible

combinations of 3 coin families.

2.(a*)The student will determine experimental probability of an experiment

by removing 2 cubes from a mixed bag of blue and green cubes. The

student will then tally the results and compare the experimental

probability with the actual probability.

3.(d*)The student will determine the likelihood of selecting a peanut

butter, jelly or peanut butter and jelly sandwich from a bag.

4.(d*)The student will determine the likelihood of selecting any playing

card from a hat that is mixed with at least one folded card.

5.(a*)The student will determine the number of times a number cube results

in 1-2 versus 3-6.

6.(b*)The student will toss darts at a dart board, record the results and

graph the results.

7.(b*)The student will observe a Gauss Curve being formed by marbles being

dropped through a probability board.Performance Assessment:

The student will be able to determine if an outcome isequally likelyornotequally likelyfroma: tossing a coin,b: rolling a number cube with faces

numbered 1-6,c: spinning an unequal spinner,d: spinning an equal spinner,e: pick a card from cards set up in a pattern: 1,2,1,2,f: pick a card from

cards set up in a pattern: 1,2,3,3,4,5.

The student will be able to orally explain if the probability of an event

happening is 0,1 or between 0 and 1 for the following questions:

1. You toss a nickel and it will land tails up.

2. You will drive a car to school tomorrow.

3. It will snow tomorrow.

4. It will snow sometime during the winter in Chicago.

5. June will follow May.

Students will be able to graph the scores of a test that result in a Gauss or

bell curve.

example: scores = 10, 13, 22, 26, 29, 34, 43, 56, 66, 74, 82, 95, 100

# students 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1,Conclusions:

Exploring the field of probability will help students develop their ability to

understand the relationship between equally likely events and the actual

results. Understanding this relationship will form the structure for a higher

level of logical thinking.