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Alan L. Tobecksen Henry Clay Elementary School
Chicago IL 60633
Parts of this experiment are suitable for third grade through sixth grade, but
the intended grade level is seventh through high school.
1. Students will practice measuring in the metric system.
2. Students will learn to gather and organize data.
3. Students will practice graphing simple data.
4. Students will draw the inference that the slope of the line is pi.
Each group of 2 to 4 students will need
6 to 10 assorted circular lids (jars, milk containers, coffee cans, etc.)
30cm length of string
paper to write on to organize the data
Each group measures the diameter and circumference of each lid in their
collection. The diameter is measured directly by placing the meter stick across
the center; the circumference is measured by wrapping the string around the
outside and then measuring the string. The group recorder makes note of the
data as each lid is measured. The group then makes a graph of their data
ploting diameter on the x-axis and circumference on the y-axis and, hopefully,
recognizes that the slope of the line is pi. It is also suggested that a simple
calculation of dividing the circumference by the diameter be made by the
students for each lid.
Subjective: The teacher should observe the students to be sure that the
measurements are being done correctly and that data is being gathered and
Objective: The data table and graph can be given a grade.
Students from fourth grade through high school should be able to do most, if not
all, of the exercise.
Merrill Physics - Teacher Guide